Bluestream Erdgas-Pipeline

Blue Stream Location
CC – Author: Samuel Bailey (


Blue Stream ist eine Pipeline für den Transport russischen Erdgases durch das Schwarze Meer in dieTürkei. Sie ist für den Transport von 16 Milliarden Kubikmeter Gas pro Jahr ausgelegt.




Am 15. Dezember 1997 wurde der Vertrag zwischen Russland und der Türkei geschlossen, der die Lieferung von 365 Milliarden Kubikmeter Gas binnen 25 Jahren zum Inhalt hatte.

Die Pipeline wurde für € 2,7 Mrd von Gazprom, Eni und dem türkischen Staat gebaut.
Als Eigentümer für den im Meer verlaufenden Teil wurde am 16. November 1999 die in den Niederlanden registrierte Blue Stream pipeline B.V. gegründet.

Die Arbeiten unter Wasser dauerten von September 2001 bis Juni 2002. Die Bauarbeiten waren im Oktober 2002 beendet und das erste Gas strömte im Februar 2003. Die offizielle Eröffnung fand im November 2005 statt.

Wurde im Jahr 2006 7 Milliarden Kubikmeter Gas befördert, was 38 % der insgesamt von Gazprom an die Türkei gelieferten Menge entsprach, waren es im Jahr 2009 9,8 Milliarden Kubikmeter (49 %).

Im März 2009 einigten sich Russland und die Türkei auf den Bau einer zweiten Pipeline namens Blue Stream 2 , die Israel, den Libanon, Syrien und Zypern mit Gas versorgen soll. Nach Aussage Putins vom Sommer 2010 hat Israel inzwischen eigene Gasvorkommen entdeckt, wird daher die Gaslieferungen nicht benötigen und erhält vermutlich keinen Anschluss an die Pipeline.

Im September 2010 hatten 51 Milliarden Kubikmeter Gas die Pipeline durchflossen.




Die Gaspipeline ist 1213 Kilometer lang. Der russische Teil verläuft über 373 km an Land, von der Region Stawropol bis in die Region Krasnodar. Anschließend kommt ein 396 km langes Teilstück im Meer, wobei Tiefen von mehr als 2150 m erreicht werden. In der Türkei beginnt die Pipeline in Samsun und endet nach 444 km in Ankara.


Quelle: wikipedia


Speech by Vladimir Putin at the Official Opening Ceremony of the Blue Stream Gas Pipeline
November 17, 2005


„Many thanks for such a warm reception. I address first of all my dear colleagues, the Prime Minister of Turkey and the Prime Minister of Italy, and everyone present.

Dear ladies and gentlemen!

We have been waiting for today for a long time. We are ceremonially opening the Blue Stream gas pipeline which started to work at full capacity. And first of all I would like to thank everyone who helped carry out this remarkable and difficult project. More than one hundred thousand people worked on implementing it. Of course, they cannot all fit into this hall but I hope that they will hear us today. For it is also their day. They are workers, engineers and those who financed the project.

This was a very difficult project and sceptics called it not ‚Blue Stream‘ but ‚Blue Dreams‘. This was understandable because throughout history no other such project has used technology quite like this one. Experts from the largest energy companies Gazprom from Russia, ENI from Italy, Botas from Turkey took part in setting it up. Joining the resources and intellectual capital from Russia, Turkey, Italy and other countries proved successful.

I consider that launching the gas pipeline is one more step towards creating a common European energy space. I completely agree with my Turkish colleague who talked so convincingly about this. It is a step towards strengthening the continent’s energy security and diversifying deliveries of crude energy to general consumers.

Blue Stream actually turns Turkish territory into an energy bridge between east and west and gives Turkey a new role in the European energy space. It creates opportunities to develop the Southern European Gas Ring which optimizes gas exports to southern Europe and the Balkans. The gas pipeline is built on such a huge scale; it really is impressive. Already this year Blue Stream will provide 3,7 billion cubic metres of gas.

Russian companies are ready to cooperate further in the Turkish oil and gas markets. And not only increasing energy exports but also participating in developing gas transit infrastructure, finding and extracting raw materials, including by shared investment.

Blue Stream also opens new possibilities for Russian gas to transit through Turkey to other countries‘ markets. It is possible to construct another gas pipeline under the Black Sea and establish additional gas transit structures to deliver gas to southern Italy, southern Europe and to Israel.

I would like to thank our Italian partners. Their active and reputable experience and authority in international markets did a great deal for teamwork and the shared result. And the most important thing is the possibility of seeing a global historic prospect to develop one or another such process.“